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THYROID | Graves Disease

GD is the most common cause of overactive thyroid. Like Hashimoto’s, it is also an autoimmune disease, however, unlike Hashimoto’s, Graves’ causes the thyroid to over-secrete thyroid hormones. This type of hyperthyroidism also tends to run in families and occurs more often in young women. The most noticeable symptom of Graves’ Disease is a condition known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy, an inflammation of the eyes and swelling of the tissue behind the eye that causes them to bulge. Thyroid function blood results will usually reveal TPOAb and/or TGAb.

It's a good idea to avoid goitrogenic foods. Goitrogens are substances that disrupt the production of thyroid hormones by interfering with iodine uptake in the thyroid gland. This triggers the pituitary release thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) which then promotes the growth of thyroid tissue, eventually leading to goiter. Examples of these foods are soy, the Brassica family such as broccoli and cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables. Unlike with hypothyroidism, iodine should be avoided in Grave's disease.

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